An industrial robot is a machine with a universal, freely programmable motion sequence with the purpose of performing highly varying tasks. It can be used for handling, assembling or processing workpieces. Frequently industrial robots are equipped with a gripper to hold workpieces. However other tools can also be integrated to perform certain types of work. As the name says, Industrial robots are used for applications in industry (e.g. production of automobiles). As soon as a robot has been programmed for a task, it can perform the work by itself without manual control. The inventor of the industrial robot is considered to be George Devol, who registered a patent in the USA in 1954 for a programmable manipulator. Together with Joseph F. Engelberger, Devot founded the world's first robot company, Unimation.